Viking Clothing: Unveiling the Ancient Norse Fashion

1. Typical Materials Used for Viking Clothing


When it comes to Viking clothing, one can’t help but marvel at the craftsmanship and choice of materials. Vikings were known for their resourcefulness and practicality, which is evident in their clothing choices. They utilized a variety of materials that were readily available to them in their surroundings.


The most common fabric used by Vikings was wool. Wool was an ideal choice due to its durability, warmth, and ability to repel water. It was often sourced from sheep or other domesticated animals. Vikings would shear the wool, clean it, and then spin it into yarn before weaving it into fabric.
In addition to wool, Vikings also used linen for their clothing. Linen was made from flax plants and had a lighter weight compared to wool. It was particularly popular during warmer months or for undergarments.


Leather was another material favored by Vikings, especially for outerwear such as coats and boots. They would source leather from various animals like cows, goats, or even seals. The leather was treated with oils and tannins to make it more resistant to water and wear.


Fur played a significant role in Viking clothing, providing additional insulation during harsh winters. Common furs used included bear, fox, mink, and otter. The fur would be carefully prepared and then sewn onto garments as trim or lining.


Viking clothing was primarily made from wool and linen fabrics due to their availability and practicality. Leather and fur were also utilized for outerwear purposes. These materials not only provided protection against the elements but also showcased the resourcefulness and ingenuity of the Vikings.

2. Differences in Viking Clothing Between Social Classes

Upper Class Clothing

The upper class in Viking society had access to more luxurious and elaborate clothing compared to the lower classes. They often wore garments made from high-quality materials such as silk, linen, and wool. These fabrics were imported from other regions through trade networks, highlighting their wealth and status. Upper-class Vikings also adorned their clothing with intricate embroidery, metalwork, and gemstones to further display their affluence.

Lower Class Clothing

On the other hand, the lower class Vikings had more simple and practical clothing due to limited resources and financial means. They primarily wore garments made from locally sourced wool or linen. Lower-class clothing was less decorated and lacked the extravagant embellishments seen in upper-class attire. Instead, their focus was on functionality and durability to withstand the harsh Viking lifestyle.

Differences in Style

The style of clothing also differed between social classes. Upper-class Vikings favored long tunics that reached below the knee, often belted at the waist for a more fitted look. They also wore cloaks or capes for added warmth and prestige. In contrast, lower-class Vikings typically wore shorter tunics that ended above the knee for ease of movement during labor-intensive activities.

– Upper-class clothing: silk, linen, wool
– Lower-class clothing: wool, linen
– Upper-class embellishments: embroidery, metalwork, gemstones
– Lower-class focus: functionality, durability
– Upper-class style: long tunics below knee length with belts
– Lower-class style: shorter tunics ending above knee

3. Common Colors and Patterns in Viking Clothing

The colors used in Viking clothing were primarily natural hues derived from plant-based dyes or animal sources. Some common colors included:

1. Earth Tones: Vikings often used colors such as brown, beige, and tan, which were obtained from natural substances like tree bark or moss. These earthy tones blended well with the Viking landscape and were readily available.

2. Red: Red was a popular color in Viking clothing and was achieved through dyes made from madder roots. This vibrant hue symbolized power, wealth, and vitality.

3. Blue: Blue dye was derived from woad plants and was commonly used in Viking clothing. It ranged from pale blue to deep indigo shades and represented loyalty, truthfulness, and protection.

4. Green: Green hues were less common but could be achieved by combining yellow plant dyes with indigo to create a range of shades. Green symbolized fertility, growth, and nature.

Patterns in Viking clothing were typically simple yet distinctive:

– Stripes: Horizontal or vertical stripes were commonly seen on tunics and dresses.
– Checks: Checkered patterns created by weaving different colored threads together added visual interest to garments.
– Herringbone: This pattern resembled the bones of a herring fish and was often used in woven fabrics for decorative purposes.
– Knotwork: Intricate knotwork designs were embroidered onto clothing using colored threads or woven into fabric patterns.

4. The Purposes of Layering Clothing for Vikings


Layering clothing served as a practical way for Vikings to stay warm during colder seasons or harsh weather conditions. By wearing multiple layers, they trapped air between the garments, creating insulation that helped retain body heat.


Layered clothing also provided flexibility for Vikings engaged in various activities such as farming, hunting, or combat. They could easily add or remove layers depending on their level of exertion or environmental changes.


In addition to warmth and flexibility, layering offered protection against external elements. The outermost layer, usually made of sturdy wool or leather, acted as a shield against wind, rain, and potential injuries during battles or physical labor.

Layering Techniques

Vikings employed specific layering techniques to maximize the benefits:

– Base Layer: A thin linen or woolen undergarment served as the first layer to provide comfort and absorb sweat.
– Middle Layers: Multiple tunics or dresses made from thicker materials like wool added insulation and warmth.
– Outer Layer: A cloak or cape made of heavy wool or fur was worn as the final layer for protection against the elements.

By strategically layering their clothing, Vikings were able to adapt to various climates and activities while maintaining comfort and functionality.

5. Specialized Garments for Activities or Occupations Among Vikings

Fighting and Raiding Attire

Vikings were renowned for their skill in battle, and their clothing reflected this. Warriors would wear padded leather or chainmail armor to protect themselves during combat. They also wore helmets with face guards and carried shields for added protection. Additionally, Viking warriors often adorned themselves with symbols of their bravery and accomplishments, such as amulets or brooches.

Seafaring Clothing

As seafarers, Vikings needed clothing that could withstand the harsh conditions at sea. They would wear woolen tunics and trousers, which provided warmth even when wet. To protect themselves from the elements, they would also wear waterproof outer garments made from animal skins or treated wool. These outer garments had hoods to shield them from rain and wind.

Fishing Apparel

Fishing was an important part of Viking life, and fishermen had specialized clothing for this activity. They would wear waterproof trousers made from seal or fish skin to keep themselves dry while wading in water. Fishermen also wore long-sleeved shirts made from wool or linen to provide protection from the sun and cold temperatures.

Occupational Clothing

Different occupations among Vikings required specific garments. For example, farmers wore simple tunics made from linen or wool along with trousers for practicality while working in the fields. Craftsmen such as blacksmiths or weavers would wear protective aprons to shield themselves from sparks or sharp tools.

Overall, Viking clothing was designed to suit various activities and occupations, providing both functionality and protection.

6. Differences in Viking Women’s and Men’s Clothing

Viking society had distinct gender roles that were reflected in their clothing choices.

Women’s Clothing

Viking women typically wore ankle-length dresses made from wool or linen. These dresses were often decorated with intricate embroidery and patterns. Women also wore a long, rectangular cloak called a hangerock, which was fastened at the shoulders with brooches. Married women would often cover their heads with a linen headdress known as a snood.

Accessories for Women

Women would accessorize their outfits with various items such as necklaces, brooches, and belts. They would wear rings on their fingers and sometimes even on their toes. Beads made from glass or amber were popular choices for jewelry among Viking women.

Men’s Clothing

Viking men typically wore knee-length tunics made from wool or linen. These tunics were often belted at the waist for a more fitted look. Men also wore trousers and leggings made from wool or leather to protect their legs during outdoor activities.

Accessories for Men

Men would adorn themselves with accessories like brooches, arm rings, and belt buckles. They would often wear belts with elaborate metalwork to showcase their wealth and status within society.

The differences in clothing between Viking men and women reflected the societal roles they played, but both genders had opportunities for self-expression through decorative elements and accessories.

7. Regional Variations in Viking Clothing Styles

Viking clothing styles varied across different regions due to factors such as climate, available resources, and cultural influences.

Northern Vikings (Norway)

In the northern regions of Norway, where the climate was colder, Vikings wore thicker garments to withstand harsh winters. They favored long cloaks made from animal skins or heavy wool to provide insulation against the cold winds.

Southern Vikings (Denmark)

In southern regions like Denmark, where the climate was milder, Viking clothing was lighter and more breathable. Linen tunics and trousers were commonly worn, as they offered comfort in warmer temperatures.

Eastern Vikings (Sweden)

The eastern regions of Sweden had a mix of forested areas and agricultural land. Vikings in this region wore clothing that was suitable for both activities. They would wear woolen tunics and trousers for farming, while also utilizing fur-lined garments for hunting in the forests.

Island Vikings (Iceland)

On the isolated island of Iceland, Viking clothing styles were influenced by the limited resources available. Wool was the primary material used, as sheep farming was prevalent on the island. Icelandic Vikings developed unique weaving techniques to create intricate patterns and designs on their garments.

These regional variations in Viking clothing styles highlight how environmental factors shaped their fashion choices and demonstrate the adaptability of Viking culture to different climates and landscapes.

8. Accessories Worn by Vikings to Complement Their Outfits

Viking fashion was not limited to just clothing, but also included a variety of accessories that were worn to complement their outfits. One popular accessory among Vikings was the brooch, which was used to fasten their clothing together. These brooches were often made of precious metals such as silver or gold and were intricately designed with patterns and symbols. They served both a functional purpose of keeping their garments in place as well as a decorative one.

Another accessory commonly worn by Vikings was the belt. Belts were not only used to hold up their pants or skirts but also served as a way to display wealth and status. Viking belts were often made of leather and adorned with metal buckles or elaborate designs. They would sometimes be embellished with gemstones or intricate carvings, showcasing the craftsmanship and attention to detail that Vikings valued.

Additionally, Vikings would often wear jewelry such as necklaces, bracelets, and rings. These pieces of jewelry could be made from various materials such as silver, gold, bone, or even glass beads. The designs varied greatly depending on personal taste and social status. Some Vikings preferred simple and understated pieces while others favored more elaborate and ornate designs.

Overall, these accessories played an important role in Viking fashion by adding individuality and style to their outfits while also reflecting their social status and wealth.

9. Keeping Warm During Colder Seasons with Viking Clothing Choices

The harsh Scandinavian winters required Vikings to choose clothing options that would keep them warm during colder seasons. One key element of Viking winter clothing was layering. They would wear multiple layers of woolen garments to trap heat close to the body and provide insulation against the cold temperatures.

A common garment worn by Vikings during winter was the cloak or cape. These outerwear pieces were typically made from thick wool and provided additional protection against the elements. Cloaks often had a hood attached, which could be pulled up to shield the head and neck from wind and snow.

Vikings also relied on accessories like mittens and socks to keep their extremities warm. These items were typically made from wool or fur, providing insulation and protecting their hands and feet from frostbite. Additionally, they would wear tall leather boots that reached above the ankle to provide warmth and support in snowy conditions.

It is worth noting that Viking clothing for colder seasons was not limited to practicality alone. They also incorporated decorative elements such as embroidery or intricate patterns into their winter garments, showcasing their craftsmanship even in the face of harsh weather conditions.

10. Hairstyles and Head Coverings Associated with Viking Fashion

Hairstyles played a significant role in Viking fashion, with different styles indicating social status, gender, and even marital status. For men, long hair was considered a symbol of strength and virility. They would often grow their hair long and style it in braids or knots, sometimes adding beads or metal rings for decoration.

Women’s hairstyles varied depending on their marital status. Married women would often wear their hair in a simple braid or bun at the back of their heads, while unmarried women were allowed more freedom with their hairstyles. Unmarried women could wear their hair loose or styled in elaborate braids adorned with ribbons or jewelry.

Head coverings were also commonly worn by both men and women. One popular head covering among Vikings was the hooded cloak known as a “húfa.” This garment covered the head entirely and provided protection against cold weather. Another common head covering was the hat known as a “kyrtill,” which was often made from wool or fur.

Overall, hairstyles and head coverings were an important aspect of Viking fashion as they not only served practical purposes but also conveyed social and cultural meanings.

11. Natural Dyes and Methods Used to Color Viking Clothing

Vikings used a variety of natural dyes and methods to color their clothing, creating vibrant and unique garments. One commonly used dye was madder root, which produced a range of red and orange hues. The roots were crushed and boiled to extract the dye, which was then applied to wool or linen fabrics.

Another popular dyeing method involved the use of woad, a plant that produced blue pigments. The leaves of the woad plant were harvested, dried, and ground into a powder. This powder was then mixed with water to create a dye bath in which the fabric was submerged. Through repeated dipping and drying processes, varying shades of blue could be achieved.

Vikings also utilized natural materials such as lichens, berries, and bark to create different colors for their clothing. For example, lichens could produce yellow or green tones when processed correctly. Berries like blackberries or elderberries could yield purple or violet hues, while tree barks like oak or alder could create brown shades.

These natural dyes not only added color to Viking clothing but also reflected their connection with nature and their resourcefulness in utilizing what was available in their surroundings.

12. Impact of Christianity on Viking Fashion and Dress Codes

The arrival of Christianity had a significant impact on Viking fashion and dress codes. Prior to the conversion to Christianity, Vikings often wore amulets or talismans that represented their pagan beliefs and gods. However, with the spread of Christianity came changes in religious practices as well as fashion choices.

Christian influence led to a shift towards more modest clothing styles among Vikings. Previously revealing garments became less common as they were seen as immodest according to Christian teachings. Necklines were raised, sleeves became longer, and overall coverage increased. This change in dress reflected the Christian emphasis on modesty and purity.

Additionally, Viking jewelry designs also changed with the influence of Christianity. Crosses and other Christian symbols began to appear alongside traditional Norse symbols in their jewelry pieces. This blending of religious iconography showcased the coexistence of both pagan and Christian beliefs within Viking society.

The impact of Christianity on Viking fashion was not limited to clothing choices alone but also extended to grooming practices. Vikings began to adopt the practice of shaving their beards as it was seen as a way to conform to Christian ideals of cleanliness and orderliness.

Overall, the arrival of Christianity brought about significant changes in Viking fashion, reflecting the influence of new religious beliefs and cultural norms.

13. Laws or Regulations Regarding Viking Clothing Choices

Vikings had certain laws or regulations governing their clothing choices, which were enforced by local authorities or chieftains. These regulations aimed to maintain social order, uphold cultural norms, and reinforce distinctions between different social classes.

One example is the sumptuary laws that dictated what types of clothing materials or colors could be worn by individuals based on their social status. For instance, only individuals of a certain rank or wealth were allowed to wear garments made from expensive fabrics such as silk or velvet. These laws ensured that clothing choices remained indicators of social hierarchy.

Another regulation focused on modesty and decency in attire. Certain regions had rules regarding appropriate dress for men and women, with penalties imposed for those who violated these guidelines. This included rules on skirt length for women and restrictions on revealing garments for both genders.

Additionally, there were regulations specific to warriors or military personnel regarding their attire. Warriors were expected to wear distinctive symbols or markings on their clothing to identify themselves as part of a particular group or clan. This helped maintain order during battles and prevented confusion among allies.

These laws or regulations regarding clothing choices were an integral part of Viking society, ensuring that clothing served not only as a means of self-expression but also as a reflection of social status and adherence to cultural norms.

14. Determining Occupation or Social Status Based on Viking Clothing

Viking clothing played a significant role in determining one’s occupation or social status within the community. Different professions had distinct attire, allowing others to easily identify their occupation based on their clothing choices.

For example, warriors or military personnel would wear specific garments such as chainmail armor, helmets, and shields. These items not only provided protection during battles but also served as symbols of bravery and skill in combat. The quality and design of their armor could indicate higher-ranking positions within the military hierarchy.

Craftsmen and artisans had their own unique clothing styles that showcased their skills and expertise. Blacksmiths, for instance, would often wear leather aprons to protect themselves from sparks while working with hot metals. Weavers might have worn garments made from intricately woven fabrics to demonstrate their craftsmanship.

Social status could also be determined through clothing choices. Wealthier individuals would often wear more elaborate and expensive garments made from luxurious materials such as silk or fur. They might also adorn themselves with jewelry or accessories that showcased their wealth and affluence.

Overall, Viking clothing provided visual cues that allowed others to identify one’s occupation or social standing within the community, emphasizing the importance of appearance in societal hierarchies.

In conclusion, Viking clothing is not only a fascinating part of history but also a unique fashion statement today. From their intricate designs to their sturdy materials, these garments truly embody the spirit of the Vikings. If you’re interested in exploring this exciting style, we invite you to check out our wide range of Viking clothing products. Feel free to get in touch with us for any queries or assistance – we’d be thrilled to help you embrace your inner Viking!

viking clothing

What kind of clothing did Vikings wear?

Men typically wore trousers and tunics, while women wore strap dresses over undergarments. Everyday Viking clothing was made from local materials such as wool and flax, which were woven by women. However, findings from the tombs of wealthy individuals indicate that some clothing was imported.

What footwear did Vikings wear?

Archaeological findings indicate that Vikings wore custom-made, comfortable leather shoes and boots. In Waterford city center alone, researchers unearthed over 700 pieces of leather footwear. The primary materials used were calf and cattle skin, although pig and sheep skin started being utilized in the 11th century.

viking clothing 1

What type of jewelry did Vikings wear?

Viking jewelry, which was worn by both genders, primarily consisted of materials such as silver or bronze. Gold jewelry was typically only worn by the upper class. Women would wear brooches to secure their garments and also wore necklaces. Men, on the other hand, predominantly wore rings.

Did Vikings wear baggy pants?

Evidence from pictures and tapestries indicates that the Vikings wore two main types of leg coverings: a wide, knee-length, loose-fitting style and a narrow, full-length, more fitted style.

What did female Vikings wear?

While the style of dresses worn by female Vikings differed depending on the region, archaeological discoveries near Haithabu and Birka have revealed some similarities. These findings suggest that Viking women typically wore ankle-length undergarments beneath woolen or linen dresses, along with aprons, skirts, and coats.

Is it OK to dress up as a Viking?

It is generally acceptable to dress up as a Viking for themed parties, reenactments, or other events that celebrate Viking culture and history.